Since the resumption of the civil war in South Sudan on 7 July 2016, efforts have been made to ensure a return to peace in the country through various national and regional initiatives. The creation of the High Level Forum on Revitalization (FNT) by the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) – a seven-member regional bloc composed of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Somalia, South Sudan and Uganda – at the extraordinary summit of heads of state and government on South Sudan on 12 June 20171, played a key role in convening parties to the negotiations in South Sudan for the relaunch of the ARCS. The members of the Security Council cautiously welcomed a week-long peace agreement that ended the fighting in South Sudan and expressed a number of concerns about the ensuing clashes and the long humanitarian crisis, as reported by senior officials in recent developments today. Productive sectors such as agriculture, livestock and fishing are stagnating; Local and international investment has stalled. As a result, the economy experienced strong hyperinflation reaching three-digit levels (113%) since February 2018 […] Unemployment has also reached unprecedented levels, as has poverty […] Our oil and non-oil revenues exceeded budget estimates, but the increase was not enough to fill the funding gap. In addition, we have not been able to accept new funding.13 The expanded nature of the UNTT provided by the R-ARCSS could be a stumbling block in pursuing the objectives of the agreement. It is easy to understand that the enlarged Office, cabinet and Parliament were deliberately designed to adapt pragmatically to the procrust bed of South Sudan`s political reality. However, the budgetary resources needed to support and support a government of five vice-presidents; 45 ministers (including deputy ministers); 550 MPs; and several transitional commissions, boards of directors and commissions will certainly be a burden for a country that already has arrears of more than 17 billion South Sudanese pounds (over $130 million), including „three months of national wages“. Five months of state transfers and 12 months of messages, including members of the Transitional National Assembly.11 Since the previous peace agreement (ARCSS) has already used 1.6 billion pounds in South Sudan in the first three quarters of the 2017/18 financial year, an additional financial burden would be painful and painful in a context of weakening economy.
This weakens the government`s capacity and capacity to implement the peace agreement. As he acknowledged in South Sudan`s national budget speech for 2018/2019: with regard to the scope, the R-ARCSS covers issues relating to the governance structures and institutions of the transitional government and the relaunched National Unity Transition Government (RTGoNU); a permanent ceasefire and security measures for transitional security, humanitarian aid and reconstruction agreements; an agreed framework for managing resources, the economy and the economy; The agreed principles and structures for transitional justice, accountability, reconciliation and healing; The parameters for managing the ongoing constitutional process; creation of the Joint Supervisory and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); and operational procedures and amendments to the agreement. JONATHAN R. COHEN (United States), President of the Council for September, spoke in his national capacity and noted that past shortcomings raise concerns about the new agreement, as well as reports of clashes after the signing of the agreement. In the future, South Sudan`s leaders will have to radically change and report before the Council welcomes an agreement, he said, stressing that otherwise, we should turn a blind eye to the shortcomings of the past.